Minkler, Meredith, and Esme Fuller-Thomson. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 60, no. 2 (2005): S82-S92.
Using the 2000 census, the authors of this article collected data on the prevalence and socioeconomic characteristics of African American grandparents raising grandchildren. The data was obtained specifically from the Census 2000 Supplementary Survey/American Community Survey and results indicated a gender and financial disparity in these families. Caregivers were found to be disproportionately female, younger and more likely to be living below the poverty line. The authors also underscore the need to expand public assistance outreach as a large number of poor African American grandmother-headed families do not receive aid.