Mutchler, Jan E., and Lindsey A. Baker. Population Research and Policy Review 23, no. 4 (2004): 359-377.
This article looks at data comparing two types of grandparent households: skipped-generation-households (where only grandparent(s) and grandchildren present, no parents) to three-generation-shared care households (grandparents, parents and children all co-reside together). The authors use data collected from the 2000 Census Supplementary Survey and focus on the two geographic regions of New England and the Deep South. Their results indicate that differences exist between skipped-generation-households and three-generation-shared-households, including the age of grandchildren involved and levels of economic hardship. Results also indicated a regional difference in grandfamilies population as data showed more of both types of grandparent households being in the South than New England.