“Grandparent-headed families in the United States: Programming to meet unique needs”

Smith, Andrea B., and Linda L. Dannison.  Journal of Intergenerational Relationships 1, no. 3 (2003): 35-47.

This article analyzes the ways in which parental support groups can be restructured to meet the unique needs of grandfamilies. The authors look at how the facilitators of four parental support groups administered The Parent Topic Questionnaire, a standardized assessment measure, to gather more information about the needs, desires and expectations of their grandparent participants. Using the results from this measure, group leaders were able to specifically design their programs to better serve the educational, cognitive and social needs of grandfamilies.