Mutchler, Jan E., and Lindsey A. Baker. Journal of Family Issues 30, no. 11 (2009): 1576-1597. http://doi.org/10.1177/0192513X09340527
This article aims to compare the levels of financial hardship experienced by children living in single-mother households without a grandparent present to children in single-mother households with a grandparent present. The authors find that grandparent co-residence can significantly enhance the financial security of families: through access to income through social security benefits and mean-tested cash transfers.