“Grandparents raising grandchildren: The influence of a late-life transition on occupational engagement.”

Marken, Dory M., and Jenna B. Howard. Physical & Occupational Therapy In Geriatrics 32, no. 4 (2014): 381-396.

This article focuses on the issue of grandparents who are raising their grandchildren replacing previous participation in social, leisure and physical activities with child-rearing responsibilities. The loss of participation in the aforementioned activities has been linked with decline in physical and mental health. The authors of this article employed a demographic questionnaire to examine activity involvement among grandparents and its effect on mental and physical health. Of the ten grandparents who took part in the study, the authors found that grandfathers retained an appreciably higher level of activity involvement compared to grandmothers and that at least 4 grandmothers cited raising a child as having a negative impact on their physical and emotional wellbeing. Using the results of the study, the authors provide recommendations on how occupational therapists can support grandparents’ re-establishment of leisure, social, and more demanding physical activity to avert functional health decline.