Yancura, Loriena A. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 68, no. 1 (2013): 139-144.
This study examines relationships between race/ethnicity and the reasons and expectations for caregiving in Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and White GRG (grandparents raising grandchildren). The authors used a sample of 259 GRG within a local public school system and provided the participants with a modified version of the 10-item Cultural Justifications for Caregiving (CJCG) scale. Two analytic factors of the scale, custom and responsibility, produced meaningful results: with Native Hawaiian GRG having significantly higher scores than White or Asian American GRG. Native Hawaiian GRG also scored higher than Asian American, but not White, GRG on responsibility. The authors conclude that race/ethnicity does predict justification for grandparents raising grandchildren.